Yoga mudras are the easiest yogic techniques, come in the form of placement of fingers in a certain way. This specific finger placement in yoga mudras induces the flow of Prana (or energy) at a subtle level, which results in the activation or balancing of 7 chakras.
In the yogic tradition, our body is called to have a network of subtle Nadis (energy channels), which is responsible for our existence. These energy channels are extended throughout the physical body.
However, Nadis are extended throughout the physical body, they have meeting points at certain places of the body, called chakras. There are 7 Chakras lies along with our spinal column
The Connection Between Mudras & Chakras
The common entity works in both the concepts, Mudras & chakras, is the Nadis network throughout our body.
Our fingers are comprised to have 5 elements of the body (In Sanskrit, Panch Tatva), from which our chakras system is made up of.
When we perform a specific mudra in yoga, it means we are supposed to stimulate certain Nadis (energy channel) present in the body. Further, these Nadis are the same entity which converges at certain places to develop chakras.
In this way, stimulating Nadis through mudra practice is same as activating the switch of a chakra.
However, imbalanced or blocked chakras result in various body ailments. This can be only settled with the help of appropriate yogic techniques, one of which is called mudra.
So, let’s practise these simple yoga mudras practice to balance the chakras.
1. Gyana Mudra to Balance Root Chakra (Muladhara)
Gyana mudra is concerned with the index finger, which balances the body’s earth element. Practising gyan mudra in meditation helps in overcoming fluctuating thoughts. However, this increases the focus on the root chakra and induces the ‘prana flow’ at the basal point.
The root chakra is the initiation centre for the spiritual energy, ‘life force’ or ‘prana’. Therefore, it symbolizes the unity of universal or individual consciousness.
Following are some of the associated aspects of root chakra:
Colour – RED
Mantra – LAM
Element – EARTH
Steps to Perform Gyana Mudra
- Sit in a comfortable yogic posture and take a few deep breaths.
- Place your hands over the kneecap.
- To place fingers in Gyan mudra, follow these steps to perform gyan mudra.
- Maintain the gesture of hand and pace of breathing for optimum results.
Balancing Benefits of Gyan Mudra for Root Chakra
- The area at the tip of the thumb possesses some points, which on pressing stimulates the centres of the endocrine system. Gyana mudra results in the contact of the tip of the thumb and index finger. This vitalizes the endocrine glands, especially pituitary.
- Facing palms down in gyana mudra, ground your energy to the earth. However, it also connects your individual consciousness to the universal.
- Gyana mudra also alleviates the materialistic fear by and promote openness by stimulating the root chakra. This enhances the knowledge and survival instincts in the individual.
2. Shakti Mudra to Balance Sacral Chakra (Swadhishthana)
Shakti mudra represents the feminine potential. This energy is concerned with the creation of the universe.
This mudra is associated with creativity, pleasure, thrill, excitement, and sexuality, etc. Gestures acquired by the fingers and rest of the hand while doing shakti mudra helps in the activation of the sacral chakra. This further stimulates the reproductive system and encourages the feeling of happiness.
Following are some of the associated aspects of sacral chakra:
Colour – ORANGE
Mantra – VAM
Element – WATER
Steps to Perform Shakti Mudra
- Firstly, sit down and bring your hands near the chest in joining position.
- Now, to arrange fingers in shakti, follow these detailed steps to perform shakti mudra.
- Maintain the fingers in the same gesture for a few minutes for optimum results.
Balancing Benefits of Shakti Mudra for Sacral Chakra
- Lacking pleasure or sexual excitement is the reason of too open, imbalanced or blocked sacral chakra. Shakti mudra has a replenishing effect over the qualities concerned with the respective chakra.
- This chakra locked desires, feelings, and emotion in its subtle state, which are induced by the practice of shakti mudra.
- Shakti mudra vitalizes the nerves reaching to this chakra concerned with various inferior qualities. Therefore, improves the low confidence, lack of motivation, infertility, low libido, etc of an individual.
3. Matangi Mudra to Balance Solar Plexus Chakra (Manipura)
Matangi mudra provides harmony and deep satisfaction to the practitioner. Performing this mudra brings you at peace by opening or balancing the solar plexus chakra. This helps in radiating of the ‘life force’ or ‘prana’ better than the before throughout the body. Therefore, it cultivates the state of ‘prime wellbeing’ in the individual.
Following are some of the associated aspects of solar plexus chakra:
Colour – YELLOW
Mantra – RAM
Element – FIRE
Steps to Perform Matangi Mudra
- Sit down and fold your hands in a way that the middle finger is raised and extended.
- Bring the gestured hands near to the abdomen area while middle fingers pointing in front of the body.
- Now, maintain the gesture by focusing on calm and deep breathing.
Balancing Benefits of Matangi Mudra for Solar Plexus Chakra
- Low self-esteem and confidence with selfless feelings, negative thoughts arise due to the imbalance or blocked solar plexus chakra. However, practicing Matangi mudra overcomes the victim mindset.
- This mudra manages the function of digestive related ailments, which is also one of the causes of the disturbed solar plexus energy. Therefore, harnessing the digestive fire.
- Matangi mudra also helps in the stimulation of the pancreas and adrenal glands, which are responsible for the extraction of prana or energy from the digested food.
4. Padma Mudra to Balance Heart Chakra (Anahata)
Padma mudra can be compared with the journey of an individual from stucked life to enlightenment. Mud means “through which the lotus emerges” is like the bad habits, ego, greed, selfishness, or whatever that prevents a person from finding his/her best version.
However, water acts as the cleansing agent just like the mudras or other yogic practices, which we manifest to brings out the best in us. Bloomed lotus on the water surface represents the self-realized individual. Therefore, practicing Padma mudra activates the heart chakra.
Following are some of the associated aspects of heart chakra:
Colour – GREEN
Mantra – YAM
Element – AIR
Steps to perform Padma mudra
- First of all, sit down and bring your hands into Anjali mudra.
- Now, unfurl your index, middle and ring fingers while little finger and thumb remain attached.
- Keep the base of the palms touching each other. Maintains the gesture and focus on breathing.
Balancing Benefits of Padma Mudra for Heart Chakra
- Padma mudra freed the one from the web of attachments and give him/her the feeling of completeness within themselves.
- This mudra induces the prana flow to directs the spiritual energy towards the heart chakra. This opens or balances the respective chakra and showers the practitioner with deep contentment, harmony, and a state of happiness regarding self.
- It also connects the two hemispheres of the brain, which represents the connection between the universe and the person himself/herself.
5. Akash Mudra to Balance Throat Chakra (Vishuddha)
The gesture of Akash mudra is formed by the contact of the tip of the index and thumb.
This mudra represents the space elements, one of the five elements of creation. This mudra influence the prana flow, which helps in the opening and balancing of the throat chakra. It protects the individual from the diseases caused by the space elements. Therefore, it promotes wellbeing and helps in the convey of feelings, emotions, and thoughts, etc.
Following are some of the associated aspects of throat chakra:
Colour – BLUE
Mantra – HAM
Element – ETHER
Steps to perform Akash mudra
- Firstly, sit down and fold your middle finger to touch the tip of the thumb.
- Now, extends the rest of the fingers ring, index and little to complete the gesture.
- Maintain the hand gesture and focus on breathing by pronouncing the beej mantra in mind.
Balancing Benefits of Akash Mudra for Throat Chakra
- According to acupressure, tips of the middle finger and thumb possess some pressure points which on pressing clears the respiratory pathway and promotes the prana flow. This opens and balances the throat chakra.
- Ayurveda claims that migraine is the result of the low space elements. Therefore, Akash mudra helps in increasing it.
- This mudra increases the other four elements (air, water, fire, and earth) as well with the space elements. This has a certain inducing and balancing effect on other chakras as well.
6. Kalesvara Mudra to Balance Third Eye Chakra (Ajna)
Kalesvara mudra is a hand gesture, which slows down the rage of thoughts and makes the mind serene.
This mudra represents the lord of the time. However, it also rectifies the negativity, mischievousness, addiction, restless mind and leads a person to the realm of positive blissfulness. This mudra activates or balances the third eye chakra. Though, it also releases stress, anxiety and lifts an individual to the higher self.
Following are some of the associated aspects of third eye chakra:
Colour – INDIGO
Mantra – AUM
Element – LIGHT
Steps to Perform Kalesvara Mudra
- Begin with the sitting and touch your middle finger first from the tip, after extending.
- Now, curl the rest of the fingers inward except the thumb and touch them from the second joints.
- Finally, point your thumb towards the chest and maintain the gesture by focusing on the deep and calm breathing.
Balancing Benefits of Kalesvara Mudra for Third Eye Chakra
- Kalesvara mudra helps in directing the flow of spiritual energy to the Ajna chakra. This unblocks or balances the chakra by channelling the flow through associated Nadis.
- This mudra manages the feelings and emotions in a way that, how, the particular one affects the psychological and physical wellbeing of an individual.
- This mudra improves memory and concentration by channelling the energy to the brain. However, it also helps in maintaining the anti-addictive behaviour of a person.
7. Hakini Mudra to Balance Crown Chakra (Sahasrara)
‘Hakini’ represents the goddess of the subtle mind.
This mudra helps in the balancing of 2 major Nadis (Ida and Pingla), which clears out the flow of prana. The hand gesture of this mudra involves all fingers touching the tips of each other, which balances the five elements of the body. This mudra helps in opening or balancing the crown chakra, which acts as the gateway to energy reaching the rest of the chakras. Thus, it stimulates consciousness deeply.
Following are some of the associated aspects of third eye chakra:
Colour – VIOLET
Mantra – AH
Element – COSMOS
Steps to perform Hakini mudra
- Starting with sitting and bring hand together to touch the tips of all the fingers gently.
- Palms of both the hands remain intact and facing each other.
- Maintain the posture. Now close your eyes and focus on breathing.
Balancing Benefits of Hakini Mudra for Crown Chakra
- Hakini mudra directs the spiritual energy to reach to the final destination, where it stimulates the crown chakra. This awakens the individual and he/she finds themselves in a totally new realm of bliss and harmony.
- This mudra creates a coordinated communication between the left and right hemispheres of the brain. Further, it improves creative decision makings and logical thinking.
- This mudra brings a feeling of joy and self-contentment. It enhances brain energy and cultivates clarity of mind. However, it also promotes healing at various stages of physical, emotional and spiritual being.